The Achilles tendon is the larger ropelike tendon, largest tendon in the body, is attached to the heel bone at the back of the foot and connects to your calf muscles. Causes of Achilles tendonitis are usually due to overuse, repeated jumping or running, bad running or exercise technique, or poor fitting shoes. When a tendon becomes inflamed or irritated, it is due to injury or degeneration. Two types of Achilles tendinitis are Noninsertional and Insertional Achilles tendinitis.
An ankle sprain is not just “twisting” your ankle, but it is a sprain if pain and swelling occurs post injury, where you could have potentially torn the ankles ligaments. Causes of spraining your ankle are usually due to making a fast shifting movement while your foot is planted. Most commonly, the ankle rolls outward while the foot is turning inward, the outside ligaments of the ankle become damaged.